Care for diabetes depends on what type you have. Your treatment may include:
- Tracking your blood sugar
- Taking insulin (IN-suh-lin)
- Taking other medicines by mouth
Your provider will also advise you about:
- Getting vaccine shots
- Quitting smoking and other tobacco
- The risks and benefits of taking aspirin
- Getting regular checkups of your eyes, kidneys and feet
Eating healthy, exercising and keeping a healthy weight are all keys to managing your diabetes. This is true no matter what type of diabetes you have. It's important to talk with your health care provider to find the best treatment for you.
To help manage your diabetes and prevent complications, you should know your "ABCs."
A for the A1C test (A-one-C)
It shows what your blood glucose has been over the last three months. The A1C goal for many people is below 7, but ask your doctor what your A1C goal should be. High blood glucose can harm your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, feet and eyes.
B for Blood Pressure
The goal for most people with diabetes is below 130/80, but ask your health care provider what your blood pressure goal should be.
High blood pressure makes your heart work too hard. It can cause heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
C for Cholesterol (ko-LES-ter-ol)
The LDL goal for people with diabetes is below 100.
The HDL goal for men with diabetes is above 40.
The HDL goal for women with diabetes is about 50.
LDL or "bad" cholesterol can build up and clog your blood vessels. It can cause a heart attack or a stroke. HDL or "good" cholesterol helps remove cholesterol from your blood vessels.
Be sure to:
- Ask your health care team:
- What your A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol numbers are
- What your A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol numbers should be
- What you can do to reach your targets
- Keep track of your numbers so you can talk to your provider about them.
Talk with your health care provider about ways to keep your ABCs in control. It's one of the ways you can manage your diabetes and prevent complications.
The information on this page was compiled by the New Mexico Coalition for Healthcare Quality from a variety of sources, including (but not limited to) New Mexico Health Care Takes On Diabetes, National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, American Diabetes Association, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New Mexico Department of Health, and New Mexico Diabetes Council. This information summarizes core care elements appropriate to most adults with diabetes. This information should not be construed as representing standards of care nor as a substitute for individualized evaluation and treatment based on clinical circumstances by a qualified health care professional. Please see our disclaimer.